Charles Bukowski was an American writer, poet, novelist and journalist. He was a representative of the so-called “dirty realism”. His European popularity left behind his American fame.
Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde was an Irish writer, or to be precise, a poet, a playwright, an essayist, a philosopher, a critic and an esthete.
The real name of the British poetess and novelist was Florence Margaret Smith. The name Stevie she took herself, because her friend found her look like the popular jockey Steve Donoghue.
Ted Hughes was an English poet and children’s writer. Critics rate him as one of the best poets of his generation. In 2011, he was immortalized in the Poets` corner of Westminster Abbey.
William Wordsworth was the most influential representative of romanticism in English literature. His creative work defined the transition from classicism to romanticism. His landscape and philosophical lyric poetry became the best model of the world’s poetic heritage.
Rudyard Kipling was called a human chameleon. No one could ever tell, what kind of person he really was: a white person born in India; the hope of the family and an abandoned child; a storyteller and a “singer of British imperialism”.
Continue reading Biography of Joseph Rudyard Kipling
One of the best known British Romantic poets, Leigh Hunt had a long and fruitful life. His poetic heritage includes works in many genres, from poems and poetic dramas to translations. He was a remarkable critic and editor, and his poetry was praised for its exceptional mood and atmosphere. Among his favorite topics were friendship, love to his native country, and the beauty of nature. He is best known for his short lyrics and the poem The Story of Rimini.
The most impressive poems John Masefield wrote, Salt-Water Ballads, are devoted to the sea. This is hardly a surprise, as Masefield spent several years of his life aboard ship. In his long narrative poems (The Everlasting Mercy, for instance) he dared to use colloquial expressions, which could hardly be found in English poetry before. Also, he is known for his contribution to First World War poetry.
Edna St. Vincent Millay is an American poetess, one of the first feminists, whose life-affirming poetry sang love and freedom of conscience. She was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in the 1922. A year later, Millay married Dutch coffee merchant Eugene Jan Bossevejn and left her Bohemian life in Manhattan, moved into an old house in New York. The poetess died from coronary occlusion. Her latest book of poetry aroused enthusiastic response after her death.
Robert Graves is considered a very controversial poet, from the artistic point of view, and a social rebel. One of characteristic features of his poetry was the image of Muse (White Goddess, Mother, Mistress), a combination of cruelty and kindness in a woman. He was independent and stood out in the row of poets of the same era, yet his creative genius was greatly influenced by Laura Riding, an American poet, for whom he left his wife and four children.