William Shakespeare works marked the completion of the process of creation of English language and culture, brought closure to the European Renaissance.
Born: 26 April 1564
Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England
Playwright, poet, actor
His plays are still an integral part of the basic repertoire of theaters all over the world. In the age of new technologies, almost all Shakespeare’s plays were cinematized.
Biography of William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-on-Avon, England, in the 1564. The date of his birth is not known. It is generally accepted to believe it was the 23 of April, but the day of his baptism is set in veracity: it was the 26th of April. His father was a well-to-do craftsman respected in the city, and the mother was a representative of an ancient Saxon family.
During 1569-1571, Shakespeare was a pupil of a junior school, later- of a secondary school in Stratford. The school was distinguished by high educational level, but it is really unknown whether William finished it or not, most probably he had, in a connection with the family’s financial difficulties, to give up his classes and help the father. As an 18-year- old youth, William married Ann Hathaway, who became pregnant. She was 8 years older, than William; having effected a marriage, the newlyweds were saved from disgrace and punishment. In the 1583, the Shakespeare Couple got the daughter, 2 years later, they gave birth to a couple of different sex twins. Shakespeare left Stratford in the 2nd half of the 80s and moved to London.
In the 1592-1594, the theaters of London were closed in a connection with a plague epidemic. The vast number of plays, poems and other works written then made Shakespeare a well- known writer. In the 1594, when the theaters opened, Shakespeare entered into a new drama group– a so called group of a servant of a Lord Chamberlain named in the honor of its patron. Shakespeare was not only an actor, but a shareholder.
The event of the 1599 was significant: it was the creation of the theater “Globe”. Thus, Shakespeare became not only an actor, but also the chief playwright and one of the owners.
In the same lifespan, Shakespeare became a nobleman, acquired the second big house in the city of Stratford.
Approximately in the 1612, Shakespeare, whose career developed very successfully, unexpectedly for everyone, left the capital and went back to Stratford, to his family.
On the 3d of April, 1616 one of the greatest playwrights of the world died; he was buried on the outskirts of the hometown in the church of the Holy Trinity.
Creative Work of William Shakespeare
It is well- know, that in the 1592, Shakespeare was already the author of the historical chronicle “Henry VI”.
In the period of the 1592-1594, Shakespeare wrote plays and elegant, sensual poems. For Shakespeare, the works of the period 1593-1600 (“Much Ado About Nothing”, “The Taming of the Shrew”, “A Midsummer Night’s Dream”) expressed the thought about perception of a person, first of all, according to the inner world. This idea evolves more remotely, comparing to harsh reality. Thus, Shakespeare’s tragedy “Romeo and Juliet” contains the bright sense of love together with the bitterness of insurmountable obstacles. “Hamlet”, “Macbeth”, “King Lear”, “Othello” were written by Shakespeare in the period of the 1601 — 1608.
For Shakespeare, the comedies are the way to write a clear, jolly, light and, in addition, a profound composition.
William Shakespeare poems
William Shakespeare poems (154) are of different subjects, they express various feelings. The clear chronology of writing of poems (=sonnets) by William Shakespeare was not kept in the biography. Each sonnet represents a verse of fourteen lines, where the following rhyme is accepted: abab cdcd efef gg. The series of sonnets is conditionally divided into twelve theme groups, which can be generally expressed as follows:
- glorification of a friend;
- sadness and apprehension;
- joy and beauty of love.
Shakespeare’s first works were written in ordinary language not separating the playwright from a crowd of the same writers. To avoid plainness in his compositions, Shakespeare loaded them with metaphors, literally threading them on each other. This prevented him from revealing images of characters.
However, soon the poet came to his traditional style and got used to it. The use of a blank verse (written with iambic pentameter) became his standard. But even it is distinguished by its quality, if the initial works are compared to subsequent ones.
Writing with focus on theatrical performances is the peculiarity of Shakespeare’s style. Enjambment, unusual constructions and length of sentences are used in his works on a large scale. Sometimes the playwright offered the spectator to finish reflection about the completion of a phrase on his own, putting a long pause insertion in his work.
Popular poems by William Shakespeare
- Antony and Cleopatra, Act II, Scene II [The barge she sat in, like a burnish’d throne]
- Sonnet Xxiv
- Speech: “Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow”
- Speech: “Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears”
- Sonnet Xlv
- The Canakin Clink Pub Song (From ‘Othello’)
- Macbeth, Act IV, Scene I
- The Rival Poet Sonnets (78 – 86)
- Sonnet Lxxvi
- Sonnet Xcviii
William Shakespeare death: 23 April 1616 in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England